Food and Maintenance
They will eat a variety of seeds and grains, which makes feeding them quite simple.
They will also eat tiny pieces of fruit, vegetables, and hard-boiled eggs as well as nipping at sprouts or other edible greens.
They require very little in the form of daily maintenance aside from fresh water, which they have a tendency to leave droppings in, and attention.
Cage and Care Tips
Some tips about keeping Java doves in a cage will save you time and money:
- Java doves love to sit on a perch; natural wood bars or branches work great, and you’ll soon discover that they spend most of their time perched.
- Do not bother with cage toys, bells, or colorful objects as your Java dove will ignore them.
- If your cage allows for multiple types of perches to be mounted, do so.
- A cage with a mesh bottom and clean-out tray is a must.
- Seed cups can be attached to the cage sides, or seeds can be spread on a paper plate and placed on the cage floor, away from the bars, to minimize droppings from contaminating the seed.
- A water basin must be part of the cage anatomy. Java doves do not drink much, but when they do, they will dip their beaks in quite deep, so ensure the water basin size meets their needs.
- Alternatively, you can put a bowl on the cage floor; just be sure it’s heavy enough to prevent tipping over when the bird perches on an edge.
- Water must be changed daily.
Once a week, everything should be cleaned: the cages, the walls, the windows, and the floors. Java doves use their beak to sift through seed cups, spreading the unwanted seeds across the cage bottoms. It’s nice to take the bottom pan outside and leave those seeds for the wild birds around your house, especially in winter months.
Also in winter months, a portable cool mist humidifier helps to minimize dust from bird dander and provides essential moisture for newborn birds.
Doves enjoy bathing, and it will benefit you to encourage them to bathe to minimize dander and dust. Use a large glass Corning Ware casserole dish or similar type of bowl and fill it with hot water between 2 and 3 inches.
Java Doves have an internal body temperature of about 104°F, and they like a hot bath, not lukewarm as it will actually chill them. Do not make the mistake of thinking they want a cool water bath because it’s summer time.